How to yell across a solar system
The transceiver in the movie sends the data through space using electromagnetic energy. One kind of electromagnetic energy is the light we see with our eyes. But there are many other forms of electromagnetic energy. One form is radio waves. We can't see radio waves, but we know how to make them and we know how to detect them. We also know how to make them carry messages. It is radio waves that bring you radio and TV!
Changing the shape of the radio waves to make them carry information is called "modulating" the wave. A radio wave that has been modulated to carry information is called a "signal." Now the wave is more than electromagnetic energy. It is a message!
It is the transceiver's job to convert an ordinary radio wave into one that carries a message.